Soil erosion model tested on experimental data of a laboratory flume with a pre-existing rill


Aksoy H., Gedikli A., Yılmaz M., Eris E. , Ünal N. E. , Yoon J., ...More

JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, vol.581, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 581
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124391
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY
  • Keywords: Erosion flume, Rainfall simulator, Rill, Sedigraph, Sediment transport model, Soil erosion, TRANSPORT-DISTANCE APPROACH, DIFFUSION WAVE MODEL, SEDIMENT TRANSPORT, OVERLAND-FLOW, RAINFALL-RUNOFF, CONSERVATION EQUATIONS, WATER EROSION, HILLSLOPE, PREDICTION, DETACHMENT

Abstract

Prediction of sediment discharge transported within flow is strongly needed in order to provide measures for a well-established erosion control and water quality management practice. Initiated by runoff generation and erosion processes sediment transport is influenced by microtopography over hillslopes of hydrological watersheds. Consideration of microtopography provides more accurate results. In this study, a process-based two-dimensional rainfall-runoff mathematical model is coupled with erosion and sediment transport component. Both the rainfall-runoff and sediment transport components make simulations in rills and over interrill areas of a bare hillslope. Models at such fine resolution are rarely verified due to the complexity of rills and interrill areas. The model was applied on a data set compiled from laboratory experiments. Erosion flume was filled with granular sand to replace a bare soil. A longitudinal rill and an interrill area were pre-formed over the soil in the flume before the simulated rainfall exerted on. The flume was given both longitudinal and lateral slopes. The simulated rainfall was changed between 45 mm/h and 105 mm/h and exerted on granular uniform fine and medium sand in the erosion flume with longitudinal and lateral slopes both changing from 5% to 20%. Calibration of the model shows that it is able to produce good results in terms of sedigraphs, which suggest also that the model might be considered an important step to verify and improve watershed scale erosion and sediment transport models.