The interaction of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) With calf thymus double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), calf thymus single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and also 17-mer short oligonucleotide (Probe A) was studied electrochemically by using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) with carbon paste electrode (CPE) at the surface and also in solution. Potentiometric stripping analysis (PSA) was employed to monitor the interaction of As2O3 with dsDNA in solution phase by using a renewable pencil graphite electrode (PGE). The changes in the experimental parameters such as the concentration of As2O3, and the accumulation time of As2O3 were studied by using DPV; in addition, the reproducibility data for the interaction between DNA and As2O3 was determined by using both electrochemical techniques. After the interaction of As2O3 with dsDNA, the DPV signal of guanine was found to be decreasing when the accumulation time and the concentration of As2O3 were increased. Similar DPV results were also found with ssDNA and oligonucleotide. PSA results observed at a low DNA concentration such as 1 ppm and a different working electrode such as PGE showed that there could be damage to guanine bases. The partition coefficients of As2O3 after interaction with dsDNA and ssDNA in solution by using CPE were calculated. Similarly, the partition coefficients (PC) of As2O3 after interaction with dsDNA in solution was also calculated by PSA at PGE. The features of this proposed method for the detection of DNA damage by As2O3 are discussed and compared with those methods previously reported for the other type of DNA targeted agents in the literature.