Assessment of Electricity Industries in SADC Region Energy Diversification and Sustainability


BOWA K. C. , MWANZA M., SUMBWANYAMBE M., ÜLGEN K. , PRETORIUS J. H.

Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems Journal, vol.6, no.2, pp.894-906, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.25046/aj0602101
  • Title of Journal : Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems Journal
  • Page Numbers: pp.894-906

Abstract

Before  the  COVID-19  crisis,  the  Southern  African  Developing  Countries  (SADC)  had  a 

varied energy mix including renewable energy, fossil fuels, and military energy production. 

The use of fossil fuels in the energy mix is known to be the source of the growing levels of 

greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. However, there was a reduction in GHG emissions 

following  the  pandemic,  which  reduced  travel  and  trade,  and  worldwide  disruption  in 

economic  activities.  The  priority  of  priority  B  in  the  2015-2020  Regional  Indicative 

Strategic  Development  Plan,  which  is  Energy,  continues.  As  a  result,  the  availability  of 

affordable and renewable energy is still a priority for south of the equator countries and 

their growth agenda. This paper is aimed at exploring the sustainability of SADC countries’ 

electricity  sectors  by  using  three  sustainability  pillars:  Social,  Environmental  and 

Economic  (SEE).  SEE  offers  the  main  concepts  of  renewable  energy,  in  a  way  that  is 

socially,  environmentally  appropriate  and  economically  viable.  Study  shows  a  gap  in 

access rate in SADC countries with only Mauritius and Seychelles reaching 100% access 

to  modern  energy  services  (electricity)  for  both  rural  and urban  areas.  Currently  all  the 

member  countries  have  set  their  RE  goals  for  the  year  2030.  However,  the  subsidies  by 

SADC  member  countries  indicate  that  they  are  practiced  as  a  way  to  make  electricity 

affordable, and also to make electricity available to lower income households. In the period 

2014-2017,  big  national  budget  deficits  happened  in  various  Southern  African  countries 

because  of  subsidies.  Thus,  this  paper  is  of  crucial  importance  to  the  foundational 

advancement  of  sustainable  electricity  sector  growth  in  the  country.  The  findings  of  this 

paper play a crucial role in helping and guiding politicians to better understand the existing 

and  challenges  future  in  the  energy  market  and  alternatives  to  address  these  problems. 

Additional  research  is  given on  how  to  arrive  at  sustainable  decisions  for  the  electricity 

sector in the region.