Plasma treatment of polypropylene fabric for improved dyeability with soluble textile dyestuff

YAMAN N., Oezdogan E. , Seventekin N. , Ayhan H.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.255, no.15, pp.6764-6770, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 255 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.10.121
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.6764-6770


The impact of plasma treatment parameters on the surface morphology, physical-chemical, and dyeing properties of polypropylene (PP) using anionic and cationic dyestuffs were investigated in this study. Argon plasma treatment was used to activate PP fabric surfaces. Activated surfaces were grafted different compounds: 6-aminohexanoic acid (6-AHA), acrylic acid (AA), ethylendiamine (EDA), acryl amide (AAMID) and hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS). Compounds were applied after the plasma treatment and the acid and basic dyeing result that was then observed, were quite encouraging in certain conditions. The possible formed oxidizing groups were emphasized by FTIR and ATR and the surface morphology of plasma treated PP fibers was also investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). PP fabric could be dyed with acid and basic dyestuffs after only plasma treatment and plasma induced grafting, and fastnesses of the dyed samples were satisfactory. (C) 2008 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.