Psychological and social impact and lifestyle changes among pregnant women of COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative study


Creative Commons License

GÜNER Ö., ÖZTÜRK R.

ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRIC NURSING, vol.36, pp.70-77, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apnu.2021.12.005
  • Title of Journal : ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRIC NURSING
  • Page Numbers: pp.70-77
  • Keywords: Pandemic, COVID-19 outbreak, Pregnancy, Qualitative study, DEPRESSION, SYMPTOMS, ANXIETY, HEALTH

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the challenges faced by pregnant women and their daily life activities during the COVID-19 pandemic, to assess the psychological impacts of the pandemic and their expectations to improve women's mental health, thereby increasing the awareness of healthcare professionals of the subject. Methods: The research was conducted with the participation of 30 pregnant women, who were selected by purposive sampling using the phenomenological approach, between 15 June 2020 and 15 August 2020. Telephone interviews were conducted with pregnant women due to social isolation measures during the Coronavirus pandemic. Results: In the study, the following four themes were determined: (a) measures taken against the pandemic, (b) problems regarding the antenatal period during the pandemic, (c) gestation period and change in social life, (d) psychological effects of the pandemic and methods for coping with them. Also, 14 sub-themes were determined regarding these themes. Conclusion: The results of the study revealed that the pandemic had multidimensional impacts on pregnant women, including their social life and physical health. Psychologically, it caused many negative emotional states, particularly concerns and fears. During the pandemic, healthcare professionals should be aware of the needs of pregnant women and plan protective and informative interventions for both their physiological and psychological health.