Symptoms of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) disease typically begin in the late prenatal or the early postnatal period of life. The intrauterine (IU) correction of gene expression, fetal gene therapy, could offer effective gene therapy approach for early onset diseases. Hence, the overall goal of this study was to investigate the efficacy of human survival motor neuron (hSMN) gene expression after IU delivery in SMA mouse embryos. First, we found that IU-intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of adeno-associated virus serotype-9 (AAV9)-EGFP led to extensive expression of EGFP protein in different parts of the CNS with a great number of transduced neural stem cells. Then, to implement the fetal gene therapy, mouse fetuses received a single i.c.v. injection of a single-stranded (ss) or self-complementary (sc) AAV9-SMN vector that led to a life-span of 93 (median of 63) or 171 (median 105) days for SMA mice. The muscle pathology and number of the motor neurons also improved in both study groups, with slightly better results coming from scAAV treatment. Consequently, fetal gene therapy may provide an alternative therapeutic approach for treating inherited diseases such as SMA that lead to prenatal death or lifelong irreversible damage.