A detailed redescription of Chirocephalus tauricus Pesta, 1921 is provided, and two new fairy shrimp taxa belonging to the "diaphanus" and "bairdi" groups (Brtek, 1995), Chirocephalus algidus sp. nov. and C. brteki sp. nov., are described and discussed. The new species were collected in Turkey, respectively from Alagol, a temporary pool close to the glacial Lake Karagol on Mount Bolkar, Taurus, 3100 m a.s.l. (border of Nigde province), and from Lake Alan Golu, 600 m a.s.l., a shallow lake on the border of Izmir province, close to the village of Bozalan. A number of morphological features (related to the first antenna, mandibles, first maxilla and some notopods) are also illustrated and discussed in relation to their taxonomic and phylogenetic importance.