Ecological networks as a new approach for nature conservation in Turkey: A case study of Izmir Province

HEPCAN Ş. , HEPCAN Ç. , BOUWMA I. M. , JONGMAN R. H. G. , Oezkan M. B.

LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING, vol.90, pp.143-154, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 90
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2008.10.023
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-154
  • Keywords: Ecological network, Target species, Key Biodiversity Areas, Minimum Viable Population, Turkey, IBERIAN LYNX, CORRIDORS, POPULATION, DISPERSAL, MAMMALS, FRAGMENTATION, AREAS


This paper aims to identify and evaluate a potential ecological network including core areas and large-scale corridors in the Izmir Province and its surrounding areas, Turkey. it is one of the first studies on the connectivity for mammal species and the detection of potential ecological corridors for Turkey. Four wide-ranging species (Hyaena hyaena, Lynx lynx, Caracal caracal, and Felis chaus) have been chosen as target species. Existing Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) and surrounding lands have been evaluated based on a three criteria: (1) vegetation/habitat types, (2) carrying capacity and (3) road density using simple GIS-based models.