Safety and effectiveness of room temperature stable recombinant factor VIIa in patients with haemophilia A or B and inhibitors: Results of a multinational, prospective, observational study


Kavakli K. , DEMARTIS F., KARIMI M., ESHGHI P., NEME D., CHAMBOST H., ...More

HAEMOPHILIA, vol.23, no.4, pp.575-582, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/hae.13227
  • Title of Journal : HAEMOPHILIA
  • Page Numbers: pp.575-582

Abstract

Introduction: A room temperature stable formulation of recombinant activated factor VII (NovoSeven (R)), allowing convenient storage and therefore improved treatment access, has been developed. Bioequivalence to the previous NovoSeven (R) was demonstrated in healthy humans, leading to European approval (2008). Although no confirmed cases of neutralising antibodies to rFVIIa in patients with haemophilia A or B have been observed with the original formulation, changes in formulation or storage condition may alter immunogenicity. Aim: SMART-7 (TM) was designed to investigate the safety of NovoSeven (R) in a real-world setting in patients with haemophilia A or B with inhibitors. Methods: Study medication was not provided by the sponsor, and treatment was at the discretion of the treating physician, in accordance with the local label. Patient baseline information was collected at enrolment. Information on safety, drug exposure and bleeding episodes was collected and FVII antibody screening was encouraged at baseline and performed at the investigator's discretion. Results: Fifty-one patients were enrolled and 31 completed the study. Forty-one adverse events (AEs) were reported in 23 patients; 25 AEs in 14 patients were serious. No thromboembolic events were observed. Although four cases of reduced therapeutic response were reported, FVII antibody screening was negative. Forty-eight patients experienced 618 bleeding episodes and 93.4% of 609 evaluated bleeds were stopped by treatment. Of the 538 bleeding episodes treated with NovoSeven (R) monotherapy, 94.2% stopped by end of treatment. Conclusion: Data collected during the SMART-7 (TM) study revealed no treatment-related safety issues and no FVII-binding antibodies for patients treated with NovoSeven (R) under real-world conditions.