The role of resistin on metabolic syndrome-induced erectile dysfunction and the possible therapeutic effect of Boldine


Kara E., Kahraman E. , Dayar E., Yetik A. , Demir O., Gidener S., ...More

ANDROLOGY, vol.8, no.6, pp.1728-1735, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/andr.12853
  • Title of Journal : ANDROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.1728-1735
  • Keywords: metabolic syndrome, erectile dysfunction, resistin, nitric oxide, Boldine, IMPROVES ENDOTHELIAL FUNCTION, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, INSULIN SENSITIVITY, OXIDATIVE STRESS, OBESITY, ANTIOXIDANT, PREVALENCE, ADIPOKINES, PROTECTS, FRUCTOSE

Abstract

Background Resistin is known as a potential mediator of obesity-associated insulin resistance. The high resistin level disrupts nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation which is also important in erectile function. An antioxidant alkaloid, Boldine, is known as anti-diabetic and protects endothelial functions. Objectives We aimed to investigate resistin expression in penile tissue in the presence of insulin resistance (IR) and the effect of Boldine treatment on erectile functions in the metabolic syndrome (MetS) rat model. Materials and methods Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: Control, MetS, and boldine treated MetS group. MetS parameters were assessed by serum triglycerides (TG), uric acid (UA), glucose, insulin levels, HOMA index, and waist circumference (WC)/tibia length (TL) ratio. To evaluate erectile functions, intracavernous pressure (ICP)/mean arterial pressure (MAP) ratio was performed during cavernous nerve stimulation. Protein expressions of resistin, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), p(S1177) eNOS, and insulin receptor-beta were evaluated by Western blotting. Results TG, glucose, insulin levels, weight, WC/TL ratio, HOMA index and resistin expression in penile tissue were significantly increased and ICP/MAP values, and p (S1177) eNOS expression in penile tissue were decreased in MetS group. Boldine treatment enhanced ICP/MAP values, insulin receptor-beta and p(S1177) eNOS expressions compared with the MetS group. Discussion and Conclusion MetS caused a deterioration in erectile function accompanied by an increase in resistin expression and a reduction in eNOS enzyme activation in the rat penile tissues. Boldine treatment resulted in an improvement in erectile function, independent of resistin expression.