Anthracyclines and docetaxel are frequently used agents in the chemotherapy of breast cancer. In this study we examined the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression during the cytotoxicity of these drugs in the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. Cell viability and cytotoxicity were evaluated by the trypan blue dye exclusion method. Apoptosis and necrosis were determined by the acridine orange/ethidium bromide dye method. The percentage of apoptotic cells was significantly higher with doxorubicin. However, total cytotoxic cell numbers were higher in the docetaxel group compared with doxorubicin, with respect to the control. Most of the cells were seen to be necrotic with the dye method. Cell extracts during the apoptotic process were applied to immunoblot by anti-iNOS monoclonal antibodies. While there was an increase in iNOS expression during docetaxel induced-cytotoxicity, a significant decrease in iNOS expression was detected during doxorubicin-induced cytotoxicity. The Griess method was used for detection of nitrate levels. It was compatible with immunoblot results. These data open a window for further studies to understand the mechanism underlining the cytotoxicity of docetaxel and doxorubicin.