Poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methacryloylglutamic acid) nanospheres for adsorption of Cd2+ ions from aqueous solutions


Esen C., SENAY R. H. , FEYZIOGLU E., AKGÖL S.

JOURNAL OF NANOPARTICLE RESEARCH, vol.16, no.2, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11051-014-2255-z
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF NANOPARTICLE RESEARCH

Abstract

Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-N-methacryloyl-(l)-glutamic acid) p(HEMA-MAGA) nanospheres have been synthesized, characterized, and used for the adsorption of Cd2+ ions from aqueous solutions. Nanospheres were prepared by surfactant free emulsion polymerization. The p(HEMA-MAGA) nanospheres were characterized by SEM, FTIR, zeta size, and elemental analysis. The specific surface area of nanospheres was found to be 1,779 m(2)/g. According to zeta size analysis results, average size of nanospheres is 147.3 nm with poly-dispersity index of 0.200. The goal of this study was to evaluate the adsorption performance of p(HEMA-MAGA) nanospheres for Cd2+ ions from aqueous solutions by a series of batch experiments. The Cd2+ concentration was determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer. Equilibrium sorption experiments indicated a Cd2+ uptake capacity of 44.2 mg g(-1) at pH 4.0 at 25 A degrees C. The adsorption of Cd2+ ions increased with increasing pH and reached a plateau value at around pH 4.0. The data were successfully modeled with a Langmuir equation. A series of kinetics experiments was then carried out and a pseudo-second order equation was used to fit the experimental data. Desorption experiments which were carried out with nitric acid showed that the p(HEMA-MAGA) nanospheres could be reused without significant losses of their initial properties in consecutive adsorption and elution operations.