Anatomic landmarks of the buccal branches of the facial nerve


Saylam C., ÜÇERLER H. , ORHAN M., ÖZEK Z. C.

SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY, vol.28, no.5, pp.462-467, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00276-006-0127-7
  • Title of Journal : SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY
  • Page Numbers: pp.462-467
  • Keywords: buccal branches, facial nerve, anatomy, rhytidectomy, parotid gland surgery, FLAP

Abstract

The aim of this study was to classify the buccal branches of the facial nerve in relation to the parotid duct and its relevance to surgical procedures such as rhytidectomy and parotid gland surgery. In this study, 30 cadaver heads (60 specimens) were dissected. The vertical and horizontal relationships between the buccal branches of the facial nerve and tragus, and parotid duct were recorded and analyzed. The buccal branches of the facial nerve were classified into four types: Type I: a single buccal branch of the facial nerve at the point of emergence from the parotid gland and inferior to the parotid duct. Type II: a single buccal branch of the facial nerve at the point of emergence from the parotid gland and superior to the parotid duct. Type III: buccal and other branches of the facial nerve formed a plexus. Type IV: two branches of buccal branch; one superior and one inferior to the duct at the point of emergence from the parotid gland. The buccal branches of the facial nerve are very vulnerable to surgical injury because of its location in the midface. For this reason, the surgeons who are willing to operate on this area should have a true knowledge about the anatomy of these branches.