Preliminary results on the ovarian histology of rabbitfish Siganus rivulatus (Forsskal, 1775) in the southern Aegean Sea, Turkey

Engin S. , Soykan O. , Cerim H., Gülşahin A.

Oceanological And Hydrobiological Studies, vol.49, no.3, pp.207-214, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/ohs-2020-0019
  • Title of Journal : Oceanological And Hydrobiological Studies
  • Page Numbers: pp.207-214


The study aimed to determine the annual reproductive cycle of Siganus rivulatusfi females based on monthly variation of the gonadosomatic index (GSI) and histological changes in gonads. A total of 240 fish samples were collected monthly from small-scale (trammel nets) and recreational (angling and pot fishery) fishing from Gökova Bay, the southern Aegean Sea, between July 2017 and June 2018. The length and weight of female fish varied from 10.8 to 26.1 cm with a mean length of 18.7 ± 0.2 cm and from 14.98 to 293.42 g with a mean weight of 91.1 ± 2.93 g. GSI values began to increase in May, peaked in June and gradually decreased in July, indicating that the spawning season was early summer. A total of 240 gonads were histologically examined. Granular, pinkish structure of eggs was observed primarily between April and June, which was consistent with the increase in the gonadosomatic index. Post-spawning follicles were determined in July. Values of the gonadosomatic index gradually decreased after August and they were minimal between September and November. During this period, ovaries were surrounded by immature oocytes at the chromatin and peri-nucleolus stages. These results revealed thatSiganus rivulatusstarted vitellogenesis in April and the gonadosomatic index peaked in June.