Biofilm Formation by Salmonella enterica Strains


Shatila F., YAŞA İ. , YALÇIN H. T.

CURRENT MICROBIOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00284-021-02373-4
  • Title of Journal : CURRENT MICROBIOLOGY

Abstract

Biofilm formation by five different Salmonella enterica strains was assessed qualitatively and quantitatively under different incubation conditions. The strains exhibited different adherence abilities to test tubes. The isolates revealed Red Dry and Rough (RDAR) and Brown Dry and Rough (BDAR) morphotypes when cultured on Congo Red Agar (CRA). The pellicles formed by the tested strains ranged from strong to fragile when incubated in LB without NaCl at 27 degrees C. Smooth and White (SAW) morphotype on CRA and very weak pellicles were observed when the bacterial strains were incubated at 37 degrees C. The effect of temperature and media on biofilm formation by the tested strains was significant. Among the five Salmonella isolates, S. enteritidis TM 6 and S. enteritidis TM 68 formed strong biofilms when incubated in LB without NaCl at 27 degrees C for 24 h and consequently selected to be analysed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). Scanning electron micrographs revealed that S. enteritidis TM 6 formed more complex colonies when compared to those formed by S. enteritidis TM 68. As far as we know, this is the first study that provides quantitative and qualitative data for 5 Salmonella enterica isolates in different media mimicking four different nutritional conditions at two different temperatures after 24 and 48 h. The strains included two serovars S. bredeney and S. anatum, which are rarely accounted for. Additionally, the studies that described S. enteritidis biofilms under SEM are extremely limited, which makes it among the first comprehensive studies that screened for S. enteritidis biofilms.