Primary hyperoxaluria (PH) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by the functional defect of alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) enzyme in the liver and it is characterized by the deposition of diffuse calcium oxalate crystals. A 38-year-old male patient presented with history of recurrent nephrolithiasis and has received chronic hemodialysis treatment for 2 years. Cadaveric renal transplantation was applied to the case. The patient was reoperated on postoperative day 13 because of the collection surrounding the urethra. During this operation, kidney biopsy was made due to late decrease in creatinine levels. Deposition of diffuse oxalate crystal was detected in allograft kidney biopsy, whereas in the 0-hour biopsy there were no oxalate crystals. Oxalate level was found to be high in a 24-hour urine specimen (118 mg/L, normal level: 7-44 mg/L). The patient was identified with primary hyperoxaluria and followed up in terms of systemic oxalate deposition as well as allograft kidney. In the kidney biopsy taken after 18 months, we detected that oxalate crystals almost entirely disappeared. In our case, bilateral preretinal, intraretinal, and intravascular diffuse oxalate crystals were detected, and argon laser photocoagulation treatments were needed for choroidal and retinal neovascularization. Repeated ophthalmic examinations showed the regressive nature of oxalate depositions. In the 18th month, fundus examination and fluorescein angiography revealed that oxalate crystals were significantly regressed. To increase the quality of life and slow down the systemic effects of oxalosis, kidney-only transplantation is beneficial.