Folklore is one of the social sciences whose subject matter is to study and to show how to carry from one generation to another the traditional culture in a region, a country or a wider area. Turkish folklore studies, which had begun with the introductory articles written by Ziya Gokalp, Fuad Koprulu and Riza Tevfik, has been carried on by the young folklorist educated in the folklore programs of the universities, mass education programs of the government and the programs established by several NGO's. Although the scientific level of those folklore studies in Turkey has been very high, most of the programs appear to be scattered, incomplete and the folklore studies in them have not been satisfying the demand and priorities of the country. Therefore, the folklore studies appear to be less scientific impact in the country. Departing from this point of view, it has become necessary to evaluate the 100th years old history of Turkish folklore studies, and in order to achieve the better folklore studies in the 21st century to determine the reasons for the problems and also suggest possible solutions for the determined problems. In this article, the most of important problems of Turkish folklore studies in 100th years are determined and discussed, and possible solutions are suggested.