The effect of slub yarn descriptive parameters and yarn linear density on upholstery fabric abrasion resistance

ALTAŞ S. , Ozgen B.

JOURNAL OF THE TEXTILE INSTITUTE, vol.107, no.10, pp.1232-1239, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 107 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00405000.2015.1100414
  • Page Numbers: pp.1232-1239
  • Keywords: upholstery fabric, abrasion resistance, Taguchi orthogonal design, slub yarn descriptive parameters, yarn linear density, OPEN-END, PERFORMANCE, STRENGTH


Textile materials can be unserviceable because of several different factors and one of the most important causes is abrasion. In this study, it was aimed to achieve the minimum fabric abrasion with an optimization process on selected control factors of slub yarn descriptive parameters such as slub length, slub distance and slub thickness and yarn linear density. For this purpose, the Taguchi experimental design technique, analysis of variance, and signal-to-noise ratio were used. Instead of 81 (3(4)) different slub yarn configurations, with respect to full factorial design, only nine yarn configurations with respect to Taguchi's L-9 orthogonal design were spun, woven and tested. As a result of these experiments, the optimum slub yarn descriptive parameters and yarn linear density values were determined which made a considerable improvement on the fabric abrasion resistance.