Parasitic or heterotopic conjoined twins are exceedingly rare, and these cases are referred to as "heteropagus" when there is a parasitic attachment in a nonduplicated fashion to any portion of the body. Epigastric heteropagus twinning refers to the attachment of the parasite to the epigastric region of the autosite. An unusual epigastric heteropagus case is presented with a rudimentary cardiopulmonary and also nearly complete gastrointestinal and genitourinary system of the parasite, and an organogenetic and vascular status of the previously reported cases are reviewed. The current case might be unique for the parasite having a cardiopulmonary development-although rudimentary-and this might be the reason that it has more complete organogenesis than the cases that have been presented previously in the literature. J Pediatr Surg 35:1523-1525. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.