XVth INTERNATIONAL İZMİR TEXTILE & APPAREL SYMPOSIUM, İzmir, Turkey, 26 - 27 October 2021, pp.100-105
Heat and moisture balance is the most important thermal comfort parameters for the human body. Sweating is the primary cooling mechanism of the human body so, during heavy activities, heat is transferred mainly through sweating. Double-faced fabrics are commonly used to achieve a high level of comfort because they allow sweat to move through easily from the inner to the outer layer by capillary effect. Double-jersey fabric structures are generally preferred for the production of double-faced fabrics. However, these fabrics have some disadvantages like high weight and thickness. On the other hand, researchers suggest the usage of thinner fabric structures in order to provide higher comfort. Using of the plating technique allows the production of thinner double-faced fabric structures. The single jersey plated structure is knitted in a single needle bed using special yarn carriers to feed two yarns, usually with different physical properties. Each yarn has been fed to the needle hook, through its own guide in the yarn carrier to ensure different yarn tension values. The basic rule of plating is that the yarn positioned nearest to the needle head shows on the reverse side of the needle loop and therefore shows on the surface of the technical back. The second yarn is in a lower position and tends to show on the technical face. Thanks to the thin and lightweight structure of single jersey fabrics, the heat and moisture transmission needed for activewear is obtained easier.