Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma Diagnosed on Prostate Biopsy: A Case Report


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Ozsan N. , Sarsik B. , Yilmaz A. F. , Simsir A., Donmez A.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY, cilt.31, ss.403-407, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4274/tjh.2013.0090
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.403-407

Özet

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a very rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, usually affecting elderly patients and characterized by selective infiltration of neoplastic cells within blood vessels' lumina. IVLBCL diagnosed with prostatic involvement is extremely rare. We report a patient of 65 years old, having mostly neurological complaints but diagnosed with IVLBCL upon histopathological examination of transurethral prostate resection material, which revealed large neoplastic cell infiltration totally limited within the lumens of small vessels. By immunohistochemistry, neoplastic cell infiltration was positive with MUM!, bcl-6, and bcl-2 and negative with ALK1, CD10, and CD30, with a high Ki-67 proliferation index. CD34 and CD31 staining showed expression in endothelial cells, highlighting the intravascular nature of neoplastic infiltrate. The patient unfortunately refused to receive treatment and died of the disease 8 months after the diagnosis. IVLBCL, though very rare, should be considered in differential diagnosis of all organ biopsies with intravascular infiltration. Further improvements in the understanding of the pathogenesis and biology of this rare type of lymphoma are mandatory.