Background: To our knowledge, there has hitherto been no research to determine the beliefs of female teaching staff, who are highly educated and form a special risk group regarding breast cancer, towards mammography scanning in Turkey. Definitive research was planned to determine the beliefs of the female teaching staff working in a university. Methods: Data were collected by researchers via face-to-face interview using a sociodemographic questionnaire and "Health Belief Model". Results: The point average of the teaching staff in the mammography benefits sub-scale is 19.6 +/- 3.87, their average item score is 3.91. The point average of the teaching staff in the mammography obstacles sub-scale is 21.17 +/- 6.87, their average item score is 1.92. Conclusions: They agree on the benefits of the mammography, but they do not agree on the obstacles to mammography.