Validation of the Turkish Version of the Cognitive Test Anxiety Scale-Revised

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Bozkurt S. , Ekitli G. , Thomas C. L. , Cassady J. C.

SAGE OPEN, vol.7, no.1, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/2158244016669549
  • Title of Journal : SAGE OPEN


The current study explored the psychometric properties of the newly designed Turkish version of the Cognitive Test Anxiety Scale-Revised (CTAR). Results of an exploratory factor analysis revealed an unidimensional structure consistent with the conceptualized nature of cognitive test anxiety and previous examinations of the English version of the CTAR. Examination of the factor loadings revealed two items that were weakly related to the test anxiety construct and as such were prime candidates for removal. Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to compare model fit for the 25- and 23-item version of the measure. Results indicated that the 23-item version of the measure provided a better fit to the data which support the removal of the problematic items in the Turkish version of the CTAR. Additional analyses demonstrated the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and gender equivalence for responses offered on the Turkish version of the measure. Results of the analysis revealed a 23-item Turkish version of the T-CTAR is a valid and reliable measure of cognitive test anxiety for use among Turkish students.