Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an infectious and zoonotic disease of people, wild and domestic mammals residing in tropical and subtropical climate zone. VL is a potential risk for human health and regarding the economical loss as a result of the disease, endemic areas should be recognized the effective implementation of control measures, and detailed epidemiological surveys should be performed in an attempt to obtain information about the incidence and prevalence of the disease in locations where the disease is diagnosed. Besides, in our country, most of the traveling has been drifted to areas dominating Mediterranean climate increasing the importance of investigations on visceral leishmaniais in Aegean region. In this study, it was aimed to determine the seroprevalence of the infection from Selcuk/Izmir, Turgutlu/Manisa, Aydin city province, Kusadasi/Aydin, Marmaris/Mugla, Bodrum/Mugla in stray dogs that are regarded as the main reservoirs for Visceral Leishmaniasis. For this purpose, anti-leishmania antibodies were determined with immunofluorence antibody diagnostic prosedure in serum samples obtained from untreated and unprotected 300 stray dogs located in these settlements. According to the results of the study 27 (9%) out of a total 300 dogs were infected with canine visceral leishmaniasis (CanL). It was considered that the result of this study may be used as a reference for further studies regarding human and dogs residing in Turkey.