In this paper, we present an inverse optimal tracking controller for a class of Euler--Lagrange systems having uncertainties in their dynamical terms under the restriction that only the output state (i.e. position for robotic systems) is available for measurement. Specifically, a nonlinear filter is used to generate a velocity substitute, then a controller formulation ensuring a globally asymptotically stable closed-loop system while minimizing a performance index despite the presence of parametric uncertainty, is proposed. The stability proof is established using a Lyapunov analysis of the system with proposed optimal output feedback controller. Inverse optimality is derived via designing a meaningful cost function utilizing the control Lyapunov function. Numerical simulations are presented to illustrate the viability and performance of the derived controller.