Desensitization Effect of Preseasonal Seven-Injection Allergoid Immunotherapy with Olive Pollen on Basophil Activation: The Efficacy of Olive Pollen-Specific Preseasonal Allergoid Immunotherapy on Basophils

GOKMEN N. M. , ERSOY R., GÜLBAHAR O. , Ardeniz O. , SIN A. Z. , UNSEL M., ...More

INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, vol.159, no.1, pp.75-82, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 159 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000335251
  • Page Numbers: pp.75-82


Background: It has previously been demonstrated that subcutaneous immunotherapy with allergoids positively affects clinical and immunological parameters even after 7 preseasonal injections. However, its effect on basophil activation remains unclear. We investigated the effect of preseasonal allergoid immunotherapy on basophils and concomitantly assessed its clinical and immunological efficacy in olive pollen-monosensitized patients. Methods: This study enrolled 437 consecutive patients with respiratory allergy and positive skin prick tests (SPTs); 212 (48.5%) patients were sensitized to olive pollen, and 33 (7.5%) patients were sensitized to olive pollen only. Of these patients, 23 received preseasonal immunotherapy with an olive pollen allergoid. The olive pollen-specific basophil activation, the titrated nasal provocation test, the nasal symptom score, and olive pollen-specific IgE, IgG1 and IgG4 levels were evaluated before immunotherapy and 8 months after the end of immunotherapy in the follow-up visit. Results: In comparison to baseline evaluation, 7 preseasonal injections of an allergoid resulted in a significant decrease in the percentage of basophils expressing CD63 (29 vs. 7%, respectively, p < 0.0001) and a significant increase in the titrated nasal provocative dose (1/10 vs. 1/1, respectively, p < 0.01). SPT induration diameters caused by an olive pollen extract decreased (12 mm at baseline vs. 5.5 mm at follow-up, p < 0.005), as did nasal symptom score (7 at baseline vs. 3 at follow-up, p < 0.01). Olive pollen-specific IgE (17.5 vs. 50 kU/l, p < 0.012), IgG1 (0.16 vs. 2.9 mu g/ml, p < 0.0001) and IgG4 (0.07 vs. 1.92 mu g/ml, p < 0.0001) levels significantly increased. Conclusions: Immunotherapy with 7 preseasonal injections of an olive pollen allergoid decreases olive pollen-specific basophil activation over 8 months, an effect observed in vitro and in vivo. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel