ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY, cilt.591, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The abnormal concentrations or absence of biomolecules (e.g., proteins) in blood can further be used in diagnosis of a particular pathology at an early stage. Current studies are intensely focusing on the analysis of interaction and detection of biomolecules via point-of-care systems (POCs), allowing miniaturized and parallelized reactions, simultaneously. Recent developments have shown that the collaboration of electrochemical sensing techniques and POCs to overcome challenging problems in health-care settings provides new approaches in diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The aim of this study was to adapt the alanine aminotransferase (ALT) enzyme to the platinum (Pt) thin film electrode system and quantitatively determine the enzyme levels via enzymatically generated H2O2 with differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). A simple potentiostat architecture with expanded sweep range utilizing dual LMP91000 devices was developed and adapted to the needs of the biosensor. In order to calibrate the system, known concentrations of H2O2 were also tested. Moreover, signals associated with the other electroactive species coming from the ALT reaction were eliminated. Resulted potential range has been achieved between +500 mV and + 900 mV and the linear range was found to be 0.05 M-0.5 M for H2O2, whereas 5 UL-1 to 120 UL-1 for ALT enzyme.