Effects of preharvest applications of CaCl2, 2,4-d and benomyl and postharvest hot water, yeast and fungicide treatments on development of decay on satsuma mandarins


Yildiz F. , Kinay P. , YILDIZ M., Sen F. , KARACALI I.

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, vol.153, no.2, pp.94-98, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 153 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2004.00935.x
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.94-98

Abstract

In this study, an integrated approach was evaluated for the control of postharvest decays of mandarin including some pre- and post-harvest treatments under storage conditions. The efficacy of the treatments both as alone and in combination was evaluated during 3 years. Preharvest application of benomyl resulted in significantly less decay of mandarin fruit after storage in 3-year tests. Calcium chloride (CaCl2), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and gibberellic acid (GA(3)) as stand-alone treatments or combinations were not effective in controlling Penicillium and total decay infections on inoculated mandarin. Postharvest application of imazalil (200 mug/ml) in solution heated to 54degreesC for controlling postharvest green and total decay of mandarin was significantly effective for 3 months under storage conditions. The biocontrol activity of yeast (Metschnikowia pulcherrima) was improved when yeast treatment was combined with imazalil (200 mug/ml) at postharvest. The data suggest that preharvest application of benomyl and postharvest treatments of imazalil, hot water and yeast may reduce postharvest green mould and total decay of mandarin under storage conditions.