Effects of preharvest applications of CaCl2, 2,4-d and benomyl and postharvest hot water, yeast and fungicide treatments on development of decay on satsuma mandarins


Yildiz F. , Kinay P. , YILDIZ M., Sen F. , KARACALI I.

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, cilt.153, ss.94-98, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 153 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2004.00935.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.94-98

Özet

In this study, an integrated approach was evaluated for the control of postharvest decays of mandarin including some pre- and post-harvest treatments under storage conditions. The efficacy of the treatments both as alone and in combination was evaluated during 3 years. Preharvest application of benomyl resulted in significantly less decay of mandarin fruit after storage in 3-year tests. Calcium chloride (CaCl2), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and gibberellic acid (GA(3)) as stand-alone treatments or combinations were not effective in controlling Penicillium and total decay infections on inoculated mandarin. Postharvest application of imazalil (200 mug/ml) in solution heated to 54degreesC for controlling postharvest green and total decay of mandarin was significantly effective for 3 months under storage conditions. The biocontrol activity of yeast (Metschnikowia pulcherrima) was improved when yeast treatment was combined with imazalil (200 mug/ml) at postharvest. The data suggest that preharvest application of benomyl and postharvest treatments of imazalil, hot water and yeast may reduce postharvest green mould and total decay of mandarin under storage conditions.