Development of Eco-Efficient Fly Ash-Based Alkali-Activated and Geopolymer Composites with Reduced Alkaline Activator Dosage


Gokce H. S. , Tuyan M., Ramyar K., Nehdi M. L.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING, vol.32, no.2, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0003017
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MATERIALS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Abstract

The eco-efficiency and economy of geopolymer composites largely depend on their alkaline activator dosage. In this study, the effect of applying a pre-setting pressure and variation of the aggregate-to-fly ash ratio on the alkaline solution dosage and mechanical strength of fly ash-based geopolymer composites was explored. It is shown that through control of the aggregate-to-ash ratio and application of pre-setting pressure, compressive strength could be increased by 102% and 86% for Class F fly ash-based geopolymer and alkali-activated Class C fly ash-based mixture, respectively. The total alkaline solution consumption could be reduced from 718 to 188 kg/m(3) and from 769 to 262 kg/m3 for Class F fly ash-based geopolymer and alkali-activated Class C fly ash-based mixture, respectively. The proposed method reduced the alkaline solution consumption per compressive strength (6.2 kg.m(-3).MPa-1) by up to 85% compared to that of the reference manually consolidated control geopolymer. The findings demonstrate that fly ash-based geopolymers could be made more sustainable and eco-efficient through tailored production techniques. (C) 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.