Detection of plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae

YILMAZ N. O. , AGUS N., Bozcal E., Oner O., Uzel A.

INDIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY, cilt.31, ss.53-59, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4103/0255-0857.108723
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.53-59


Background: Detecting plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC). beta-lactamase-producing organism is important for optimal infection control and providing accurate and effective treatment option for physicians. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of pAmpC. beta-lactamase and compare the results of boronic acid (BA) disk test with other phenotypic tests detecting AmpC positive isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 273 clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae (n: 82) and Escherichia coli (n: 191) were analysed. The presence of pAmpC. beta-lactamase was determined by BA disk test, cefoxitin (FOX) screening test, modified three dimensional test (M3DT), and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was performed to evaluate the genetic similarities between isolates. To detect extended spectrum. beta-lactamases (ESBL) in the presence of AmpC. beta-lactamase, ESBL confirmation test was carried out with and without BA solution. Results: Of the 273 strains tested, 127 strains were found FOX resistant, 114 were positive by M3DT, 108 were positive in BA disk test, and the multiplex PCR detected 24 pAmpC. beta-lactamase-positive isolate. The prevalence of AmpC-producing strains was 10.9% in E. coli and 3.6% in K. pneumoniae in the tested population by PCR. CIT and MOX group genes were predominant type in these strains. Conclusion: These results emphasize that clinical laboratories should consider testing the presence of pAmpC enzymes particularly in FOX-resistant isolates, and BA disk test will improve detection of this emerging resistance phenotype.