Analysis of the corneal reflex with air puff: Normal controls and patient groups

VAROLGUNES N., Celebisoy N. , Akyurekli O., PEHLIVAN M. , Akyurekli O.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, cilt.16, ss.472-483, 1999 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 16 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 1999
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1097/00004691-199909000-00009
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.472-483


Though there are several reports published about the corneal reflex elicited by different methods, a standardized electrophysiologic study with air puff in man has not been published. The aim of this study is to standardize the corneal reflex elicited by air puff to cornea. The authors studied the corneal reflex with air puff and direct touch by using a standardized method in patients with thalamic hemorrhage (n = 15), hemispheric infarction (n = 9), brainstem infarction (n = 9), multiple sclerosis (n = 12), and Bell's palsy (n = 12) and in normal control subjects (n = 21). The conventional blink reflex (BR) was also studied. The reflex responses were recorded from both orbicularis oculi muscles by air puff and direct touch to cornea in addition to the electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerve. No statistical difference could be detected between the responses elicited by air puff or direct touch to cornea (P > 0.05). corneal reflex responses were statistically different from the R2 response of the BR (P < 0.005). Because the responses elicited by direct touch and air puff to cornea are identical, air puff to cornea can be used confidently to study the corneal reflex.