Optimization of enzyme assisted extraction of protein from the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) leaves for alternative plant protein concentrate production


Akyuz A., ERSUS S.

FOOD CHEMISTRY, vol.335, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

This research focused on the effect of temperature (25-75 degrees C), extraction time (40-120 min) and solvent/solid ratio (15-45 mL/g) and the enzyme assisted extraction on protein extraction efficiency from by-product of sugar beet. 3 different methods were applied in protein isolation and the highest protein yield (34.55%) was obtained by the isoelectric-ammonium sulfate precipitation method. At the optimized condition of temperature 54.25 degrees C, 81.35 min, and solvent/solid ratio of 27.65 mL/g, the protein yield was found 55.15%. The protein yield has reached 79.01% with an increase of 43.27% with the aid of the enzyme assisted extraction. The physicochemical properties were determined for revealing its potential use in food industry. It is promising that the isolated protein concentrates (SPC-IAP) show high protein content (69.08% d.b) as well as high solubility (98.71% at pH 7.5). SPC-IAP's high brightness (L* = 79.55), low redness (a* = 0.33) and low yellowness (b* = 13.27) values are encouraging for food industry.