Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination process is an efficient and reliable membrane technology for the production of drinking water from seawater. However, some serious limitations had recently been discovered during the field practice. Boron problem is one of them. According to the WHO regulations, the boron concentration should be lower than 0.5 mg/L in drinking water. It is still difficult to reduce boron level to 0.5 mg/L or lower with the conventional reverse osmosis desalination plants equipped with commercially available RO membranes. Therefore, more efficient separation technologies are needed for boron removal.