A retrospective analysis of 56 patients undergoing ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair was performed to find out if cell saver had any impact on postoperative morbidity and mortality. All patients but one were male. The mean age was 68 +/- 8 years (35-85 years). Cell saver was used in 40 patients (CS group) and was not used in 16 patients (NCS group). We compared the incidences of respiratory, renal, and gastrointestinal complications; reoperation; transfusion requirement; length of hospital stay; and mortality between the groups. This study demonstrated that intraoperative cell saver usage significantly increased the incidence of respiratory complications and the need for blood and fresh frozen plasma transfusion, and prolonged the hospital stay in patients with ruptured AAA, but did not have any impact on mortality. Postoperative complications were more prominent in patients who received greater than or equal to3000 mL cell saver blood.