The purpose of the present study was to examine the relations of situational motivation with achievement goals and self-perception in male and female athletes. Participants were 396 athletes (166 women, 230 men) who represented different sports and had a mean age of 21.4 yrs. (SD = 2.5). Men's External Regulation scores were higher than women's. Intrinsic Motivation and Identified Regulation were related to Task Orientation in female and male athletes. Among the women, scores on Task Orientation were positively associated with more self-determined types of situational motivation, while Ego Orientation was negatively related to self-determined motivation. In addition, Physical Self-Worth was negatively related to Amotivation of the women. Among the men, scores on Task Orientation were positively associated with more self-determined types of situational motivation; Amotivation was weakly related to Task Orientation.