Chemical Characterization, Phytotoxic, Antimicrobial and Insecticidal Activities of Vitex agnus-castus' Essential Oil from East Mediterranean Region

Ulukanli Z., Cenet M., ÖZTÜRK B. , Bozok F., Karaborklu S., Demirci S. C.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL BEARING PLANTS, cilt.18, ss.1500-1507, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 18 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/0972060x.2015.1004125
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1500-1507


Essential oil of Vitex agnus-castus' leaves was analysed GC and GC-MS. The oil was predominantly rich in 1,8-cineole (24.38 %), sabinene (22.77 %), trans--farnesene (8.50 %), -pinene (7.14 %), -caryophyllene (6.49 %) and 1-terpinen-4-ol (5.23 %). In the phytotoxicity assay, the highest concentration of the oil (40 mu L) completely inhibited the germinations of Lactuca sativa and Lepidium sativum. In the antimicrobial assays, essential oil was more active on yeast species and gram positive bacteria. The results of the insecticidal assays were also significant as the mortalities were 70 % and 96.67 % on Acanthoscelides obtectus and Tribolium castaneum at 34 mu L L-1 and 136 mu L L-1 oil (24h), respectively. Essential oil of V. agnus-castus could be suggested as a potential source of bioagents for prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms in concern.