Simultaneous Determination of Epinephrine and Dopamine by Using Candida tropicalis Yeast Cells Immobilized in a Carbon Paste Electrode Modified with Single Wall Carbon Nanotube


ELECTROANALYSIS, vol.29, no.8, pp.1976-1984, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/elan.201700125
  • Title of Journal : ELECTROANALYSIS
  • Page Numbers: pp.1976-1984


A new electrochemical microbial biosensor system based on Candida tropicalis was developed for the fast detecting of dopamine and epinephrine. Candida tropicalis was immobilized in a carbon paste electrode (CPE) with single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT). Immobilized cells were used as a origin of the polyphenol oxidase (PPO) to develop voltammetric epinephrine and dopamine biosensor. Voltammetric determination of phenolic compounds such as epinephrine and dopamine a simple technique which is available. Direct oxidation of phenols can be used, but the oxidation potentials of this compounds are similar and they can not be detected distinctively. Another possibility is the use of biosensors based on the polyphenol oxidase (tyrosinase) enzyme that oxidizes the phenolic compounds into their related quinones. By this way, phenolic compounds are epinephrine and dopamine which were used in this study as well detected at different potentials. In this study differential pulse voltammetry and amperometry techniques were used for the determination of dopamine and epinephrine. The effect of varying the amounts of SWCNT and the response of microorganism to epinephrine was investigated to find the optimum composition of the sensor. The effects of pH and temperature were also examined. Increases in biosensor responses obtained by amperometric measurements were linearly related to dopamine concentrations between 0.025 and 0.25 mM and epinephrine concentrations between 0.01 and 0.1 mM. Limits of detection of the biosensor for dopamine and epinephrine were calculated to be 0.008 and 0.0023 mM, respectively. Finally, proposed system was applied to epinephrine and dopamine analysis in pharmaceutical drugs and synthetic serum and the results were compared with LC MS MS method.