Determination of Adaptibility of Camelina [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz] Lines to Mediterranean Climate Conditions


Yıldız H., İlker E. , Ekren S. , Öztürk G. , Yıldırım A.

International Aegean Symposium on Innovation Thecnologies and Engineering, İzmir, Türkiye, 15 - 16 Şubat 2020

  • Basıldığı Şehir: İzmir
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye

Özet

Camelina sativa is an ancient cultivar known for hundreds of years. Camelina is the natural part of Northern Europe and Central Asia. The plant. Many remains from archaeological excavations have revealed that this plant has been grown in Europe for at least 3000 years. As a matter of fact, fossil grass fossils have been found in Switzerland (2000 BC), Greece (3000 BC) and Romania (2200 BC). Ketencik is an important plant grown in Northern Rome during the Bronze and Iron ages. It is determined that linen was used in human nutrition in Scandinavian countries and Western European countries from the remains of Bronze and Iron Age. Camelina -a one-year oil plant- is a cultivated plant that is resistant to harsh winters. In the beginning, the light was used as the need for light. Over time, however, Camelina has become an important industrial plant and has begun breeding studies towards the end of the 20th century.

Camelina has become a plant not only in need of light but also in human nutrition, cosmetics industry and biofuel production. Camelina oil has high polyunsaturated fatty acids (containing 50-55% alpha-linolenic acid). An alternative oil plant is the region where the yield of wheat is low. Moreover, because of the high competition with weeds, there is no need to use pesticides. Therefore it is very important in the protection of the soil. It is also very important for skin health thanks to its high vitamin E content and is an important resource for the cosmetic industry. Camelina oil plays an important role in fighting cardiovascular diseases through its high content of Omega-3 (%35) and Omega-6 (%15-20). In this research, seed production of 32 different camelina genotypes brought from USDA was realized in 2017-2018 growing period. Seeds obtained were sown according to the randomized complete design with 3 replications in the field in İzmir-Bornova ecology representing the coastal Mediterranean climate in the vegetation period in 2018-2019. In this study, in order to determine the adaptability of camelina lines, agronomic observations such as plant height, first branch height, number of capsules in the plant, number of seeds in the capsule, thousand seed weight and seed yield were carried out.