JOURNAL OF FOOD BIOCHEMISTRY, cilt.31, ss.81-95, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Studies on antioxidative activities of fruits have focused mainly on grapes, which have been reported to inhibit oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) at a level comparable to wine. With regard to consumer attitude on the health benefits of the product, organic grapes were selected for study. Organic grapes of Vitis vinifera origin var. Semillon, Columbard, Cabernet sauvignon, Merlot, Grenache and Carignan produced under the control of International Nutrition and Agriculture Certification Company in Kemalpasa/Ulucak were studied. The order of grape varieties concerning grape cluster, stem and number (100) values from the highest to the lowest was determined as: Semillon > Merlot > Cabernet sauvignon > Carignan > Columbard > Grenache. Positive correlation was determined between antioxidant activities (AOA) and total phenols (r = 0.845; P = 0.034). The highest AOA were determined in Merlot (86.55%) and Cabernet sauvignon (83.60%) varieties. Considering LDL, low-density lipoprotein-diene values for Cabernet sauvignon and Merlot varieties were 82.73 and 65.48%, respectively. The values of low-density lipoprotein-malondialdehyde were different, with the highest percentage found for Semillon (80%). The highest value of total phenols was found in Merlot (4,200 mg/L gallic acid equivalents) variety. Evaluating all analyzed parameters, principal component analysis results demonstrated the similarities between Carignan and Grenache, between Merlot and Cabernet sauvignon and between Columbard and Semillon grape varieties.