Composition, sources, abundance and seasonality of Marine Litter in the cakalburnu lagoon coast of Aegean Sea


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Ertas A., Ribeiro V. V. , Castro I. B. , SAYIM F.

JOURNAL OF COASTAL CONSERVATION, vol.26, no.2, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11852-022-00856-5
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF COASTAL CONSERVATION
  • Keywords: Marine Litter Contamination, Clean Coast Index, cakalburnu lagoon, Aegean Sea, EASTERN BLACK-SEA, BEACH LITTER, ANTHROPOGENIC LITTER, SPATIAL-DISTRIBUTION, DEBRIS, MANAGEMENT, POLLUTION, ISLAND

Abstract

The Aegean Sea is one of the most contaminated by marine litter (ML) in the World. In this study, the Turkish Aegean Region was evaluated in light of the sources, abundance and composition of ML along cakalburnu Lagoon coast. Macroscopic ML with > 3 cm was collected and separated into composition and sources categories. ML abundance was calculated by its density in items/m(2) (Mean +/- SD). Beach cleanliness was evaluated according to Clean-Coast Index (CCI). Seasonality was found as factor for ML composition, sources and abundance at cakalburnu coast. Plastic was the most abundant material, followed by unidentifiable items. The major sources of ML were mixed packaging, domestic and fisheries activities. The mean ML density was 0.64 +/- 0.09 items/m(2). cakalburnu coast was classified as dirty during all seasons. Therefore, ML contamination on cakalburnu coast represent a potential threat to coastal and marine environments. Thus, the present study can serve as a base for the elaboration of mitigating actions urgently needed at cakalburnu Lagoon.