Deploying root microbiome of halophytes to improve salinity tolerance of crops

Akyol T. Y. , Sato S., TÜRKAN İ.

PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY REPORTS, vol.14, no.2, pp.143-150, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11816-020-00594-w
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-150


Salinization of the soils is one of the most prominent problems threatening global food security. Root microbiome engineering using biofertilizers provides a sustainable way to increase agricultural productivity. Halophytes, which are extremely salt-tolerant plants, can tolerate up to 1300 mM NaCl. Members of the halophytic root microbiome now provide a promising solution to meet the increased demand in the agricultural output. Here, we explore the members of this microbiome and explain the plant growth-promoting functions of them. We discuss the manipulation of the root microbiome with synthetic microbial communities including keystone microorganisms of the halophytic root microbiome. Importantly, we provide a simple method in R software to find these putative keystone taxa using network analysis. We believe this strategy will provide a valuable tool for future studies performing the combined investigation of the root bacteria and fungi of halophytes.