Investigation of Intercultural Sensitivity and Ethnocentrism Levels of Midwife Candidates in Turkey Sample: A Cross-Sectional Study


GÜNER S., OCAK AKTÜRK S., Oner Aydin S., KARACA SAYDAM B.

JOURNAL OF TRANSCULTURAL NURSING, vol.33, pp.208-218, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/10436596211057914
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF TRANSCULTURAL NURSING
  • Page Numbers: pp.208-218
  • Keywords: midwifery education, midwifery students, intercultural sensitivity, ethnocentrism, NURSING-STUDENTS, CULTURAL SENSITIVITY, SELF-EFFICACY, EXPERIENCES, COMPETENCE, CARE, EDUCATION

Abstract

Introduction: As women experience cultural practices during their lifespan, midwives' displaying a culture-specific approach from the school years is of great importance for the quality of care. This study was conducted to determine the intercultural sensitivity and ethnocentrism levels of midwife candidates in Turkey. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,616 midwifery students who studied in seven different regions of Turkey in the 2018-2019 academic year. Data were collected through a questionnaire, Intercultural Sensitivity Scale, and Ethnocentrism Scale. Results: It was determined that the variables such as the region where the midwife candidates grew up and location of the university, their years at school, and having friends from different cultures were effective on their intercultural sensitivity and ethnocentrism levels (p < .05). Discussion: Consequently, it is concluded that international student exchange programs and culture-sensitive-based care approaches during midwifery education will increase the intercultural sensitivity levels of students and contribute to reducing ethnocentrism levels.