Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy by vestibular approach (TOETVA) is now being performed in increasing frequency and getting more and more attention. TOETVA is carried out through three incisions in the oral vestibular area. Thyroidectomy is performed endoscopically using conventional laparoscopic instruments, an energy based device and neuromonitoring instruments. Intraoperative neuromonitoring is one of the tools of utmost importance, used for navigation and confirmation of the functional integrity of the recurrent nerve during TOETVA. The aim of this study is to give information about the standards and technique of intraoperative neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerves during TOETVA procedures. TOETVA is a safe technique with no visible scarring and hence resulting in an excellent cosmetic effect. We believe that neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerves also minimizes the risk of nerve damage and is an essential safety component in this technique.