Effects of ranibizumab and zoledronic acid on endometriosis in a rat model

Ureyen Ozdemir E., Adali E., Islimye Taskin M., YAVAŞOĞLU A. , AKTUĞ H. , OLTULU F. , ...More

ARCHIVES OF GYNECOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00404-021-06104-9


Purpose To investigate the histological efficacy of ranibizumab and zoledronic acid in an experimentally induced endometriosis model as compared with danazol, buserelin acetate and dienogest. Methods Endometrial implants were introduced in 52 female Wistar albino rats, which were then randomly divided into six groups. The animals were, respectively, given dienogest, danazol, buserelin acetate, zoledronic acid, ranibizumab and 0.9% NaCl. After 4 weeks, the volumes and histopathological properties of the implants were evaluated and the implants were excised completely at the third laparotomy. A histopathological scoring system was used to evaluate the preservation of epithelia. Endometrial explants were evaluated immunohistochemically. Results Among the groups, the histological score was significantly lower in the zoledronic acid and ranibizumab groups compared with the controls (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences regarding ellipsoidal volume levels between groups (p > 0.05). However, there was a statistically significant difference regarding cell numbers according to the degree of Bcl-2, NF-kappa B, and CD31 staining (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in Bcl-2, CD31, or NF-kappa B staining in the binary comparisons between the other groups (p > 0.05). For Bcl-2 staining, the staining rate of the group treated with zoledronic acid was significantly lower compared with the dienogest and danazol groups (p < 0.05). The staining rates of CD31 and NF-kappa B were significantly lower in the zoledronic acid and ranibizumab groups compared with the controls (p < 0.05). Conclusion According to these results, zoledronic acid and ranibizumab may be putative candidates for the treatment of endometriosis.