Herbal infusions of black seed and wheat germ oil: Their chemical profiles, in vitro bio-investigations and effective formulations as Phyto-Nanoemulsions

Gumus Z. P. , Guler E. , Demir B., Barlas F. B. , Yavuz M., Colpankan D., ...More

COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES, vol.133, pp.73-80, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 133
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.05.044
  • Page Numbers: pp.73-80
  • Keywords: Herbal infusion, Calendula, Black seed oil, Wheat germ oil, Nanoemulsion based carrier, In vitro cell culture, NIGELLA-SATIVA L., GOLD NANOPARTICLE, EXTRACT, SYSTEMS, THYMOQUINONE, EMULSION


The reported studies related to black seed oil (BSO) and wheat germ oil (WGO) have illustrated that they have a wide range of biological activities. Therefore, enhancing the amount of bio-active compounds that caused higher cell based anti-oxidative effect as well as cell proliferation, etc. in seed oils, infusion of crude plant material has been gained importance as a traditional technique. Herein, we accomplished the infusion of Calendula flowers that also contains many phyto-constituents into BSO and WGO. After the infusion of oils, the change of phytochemical amount was investigated and evaluated according to the oils by chromatography, radical scavenging activity. Subsequently, for investigating the biological impact upon live cells, cytotoxicity, cell-based antioxidant capacity, wound healing and radioprotective activity were tested with monkey kidney fibroblast like cells (Vero) and HaCaT keratinocytes. In vitro cell based experiments (wound healing and radioprotective activity) confirmed that Calendula infused BSO and WGO have greater bio-activity when compared to those plain forms. The herbal oils prepared with an effective extraction technique were incorporated into nanoemulsion systems which will be then called as 'Phyto-Nanoemulsion'. After herbal oil biomolecules were encapsulated into nanoemulsion based delivery systems, the designed formulations were investigated in terms of biological activities. In conclusion, these preparations could be a good candidate as a part of dermal cosmetic products or food supplements which have the therapeutic efficiency, especially after radio- or chemotherapy. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.