Mathematical modelling of drying of bay leaves


Gunhan T. , Demir V. , HANCIOGLU E., HEPBASLI A.

ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol.46, pp.1667-1679, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enconman.2004.10.001
  • Title of Journal : ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT
  • Page Numbers: pp.1667-1679
  • Keywords: drying, bay (Laurel) leaves, modelling, LAYER, BEHAVIOR, KINETICS, TEMPERATURE, SLICES, FRUITS

Abstract

This paper presents a study on the mathematical modelling of bay (Laurus nobilis L) leaves. Drying experiments were performed in a laboratory scale dryer constructed in the Department of Agricultural Machinery, Faculty of Agriculture, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey. The leaves were 90-100mm long and 30-40mm wide, and ones with no blemish were selected and used for the drying tests. The tests were performed with various relative humidities (5%, 15% and 25%) and temperatures (40, 50 and 60 degrees C) at a constant air velocity of 1.5 m/s. Fifteen different mathematical drying models were compared based on their correlation coefficient, root mean square error, mean bias error, reduced chi-square and t-statistic method to estimate the drying curves. It may be concluded that the Page model could sufficiently describe drying of bay leaves. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.