Changing environment and urban identity following open-cast mining and thermic power plant in Turkey: case of Soma

Karadag A.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, cilt.184, ss.1617-1632, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 184 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10661-011-2065-z
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1617-1632


This paper is a summary of a project changed into a book named by "Changing Environment, City and Identity in Soma with the Geographical Evaluations" issued on May 2005. In this research, Soma, which is one of the most remarkable districts in Manisa in the West Anatolia from the point of economical figures, is assessed with its physical environment potential, improving economical activities and changing socio-economical structure. Owing to the open coal basins in the northeast and southwest of the district where lignite is produced and the impact of the thermic power plant near the city centre, Soma has changed on a large scale. This change has introduced some environmental problems into the district such as the devastation of the forestry land; the infertility of farming land; and soil, water and air pollution. Even though the change under discussion has led to many problems to deal with, it has also influenced its socio-economical structure to a large extent and revealed new type of inhabitants having different life expectations and aims. In conclusion, in this article, changing environment and city structure after lignite processing and thermic station establishment in Soma are discussed through the effective geographical factors. The new city profile formed by the local dynamics in question is evaluated according to the data obtained by the studies made in the neighbourhood.