Immunohistochemical detection of CD 95 (Fas) & Fas ligand (Fas-L) in plasma cells of multiple myeloma and its correlation with survival.


Hekimgil M. , ÇAĞIRGAN S., Pehlivan M., Doganavsargil B. , Tombuloglu M. , SOYDAN S.

Leukemia & lymphoma, cilt.47, ss.271-80, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 47 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10428190500286218
  • Dergi Adı: Leukemia & lymphoma
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.271-80

Özet

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant disease resulting from an uncontrolled proliferation of a neoplastic plasma cell clone in the bone marrow, which might also be induced by the loss of control on apoptosis. Fas ligand (Fas-L), a member of the tumor necrosis factor family, induces apoptosis mediated via its transmembrane death receptor Fas (Apo-1/CD95) antigen. In the present study, immunostaining was performed on the initial diagnostic bone marrow biopsies of 36 MM patients (1 stage I, 5 stage II, 30 stage III), to evaluate the distribution of Fas receptor and Fas-L on malignant plasma cells. Both Fas and Fas-L were positive in 13 cases and negative in 3, whereas 10 cases were Fas-negative, Fas-L-positive and 10 were Fas-positive, Fas-L-negative. Although no association was found between the expression of Fas receptor or Fas-L and overall survival, Fas-L positivity was significantly associated with a shorter event-free survival ( p = 0.0335). In this study, it has been shown that the expression of Fas-L, in malignant plasma cells of myeloma patients significantly shortens the event-free survival, indicating that the defect in apoptosis might be associated with disease progression in MM.