Large Amplitude Oscillatory Shear (LAOS) analysis of gluten-free cake batters: The effect of dietary fiber enrichment


Ozyigit E., Eren I., KUMCUOĞLU S. , TAVMAN Ş.

JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING, cilt.275, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of dietary fiber enrichment on non-linear viscoelastic behavior of gluten-free cake batters by using Large Amplitude Oscillatory Shear (LAOS) analysis. Textural properties and specific volume of gluten-free cakes were also determined to investigate the possible correlations with LAOS parameters. Gluten-free cake batters were formulated by replacing buckwheat flour with two different dietary fiber sources, namely orange fiber (OF) and orange pomace powder (OPP) at five different levels (0%, 4%, %8, %12 and 16%). All gluten-free cake batter samples exhibited linear viscoelastic properties at small strain amplitudes but Theological properties enters the non-linear region by increasing strain amplitude. The Lissajous-Bowditch curves revealed that stored energy increased by increasing dietary fiber amount and gluten-free cake batters became more elastic in the non-linear region. The normalized elastic Chebyshev coeffients (e(3)/e(1)) indicated the strain hardening behavior of cake batters at small strain amplitudes shifted to strain softening in the non-linear region. The e(3)/e(1) and v(3)/v(1) ratios as a function of strain amplitude indicated that non-linearity is more pronounced in the elastic component compared to the viscous component. The S and T values calculated at 50% strain amplitude showed strong correlation with water retention capacity, hardness and specific volume of gluten-free cakes enriched with OF whereas softer correlations were obtained for the OPP-containing ones due to elastic instability of the batters. Principal component (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were performed to provide basic graphical comparison of the differences/similarities between non-linear Theological properties of gluten-free cake batters by considering LAOS parameters. The viscoelastic properties of the cake batters containing 16% OPP were found to be suitable for high gas retention capacity since the highest cake specific volume was obtained.