First and second law analyses of wastewater cooled condenser for a refrigeration system

Karaçaylı İ. , Altay L. , Hepbaşlı A.

International Journal Of Exergy, cilt.29, no.3, ss.155-171, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 29
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1504/ijex.2019.100361
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal Of Exergy
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.155-171


In this study, a vapor compression refrigeration (VCR) system with a wastewater (WW) cooled condenser at a temperature range of 27 – 29 ℃ was designed. The cooling capacity of the system using R134a as the refrigerant was 1.09 kW. The condenser consisted of a coaxial heat exchanger with a capacity of 1 kW. This paper dealt with energy and exergy analyses of the VCR system using WW, as a heat sink. Experiments were performed in order to evaluate the energetic and exergetic performances of the wastewater-cooled condenser (WWC) and the overall system. The convective heat transfer coefficient of WW and refrigerant in the condenser, overall heat transfer coefficient of the WWC, total amount of heat removed by WW, amount of cooling effect, coefficient of performance (COP), exergy destruction rate, and second law efficiencies of the WWC and VCR system were calculated under different WW temperatures and flowrates. Increasing volumetric flowrate of WW from 200 L/h to 400 L/h caused 4.4% improvement in COP, 12.0% reduction in exergy destruction, and 10.3% increase in exergy efficiency.